Operating system | operating system linux

Operating system is a special master program. Which help the computer to connect with different devices and programs for their work. Without this special and master program which give breathe to the computer system, the computer is like a dead box.

operating system
operating system

The computer users should have basic information about this very important computer program running a computer system. Only then, you will be able to use the computer properly.

In this article we will share with you the following information related to the operating system.

What is Operating System?

The special master program which help computers to connect with various devices and programs for their work is called the operating system. The short for of Operating System is OS. The operating system acts as an intermediary between the user (users) and the computer system. It explains our instructions to the computer. Other software programs and hardware are handled by the Operating System.

Types of Operating System

The development of the operating system was progressed with the development of computers. As the computer got developed, so did the Operating System itself. The Operating System is divided into several categories. But, we will know some of the major types of Operating System here.

Functions of operating system

1. Single-user Operating System

The Operating System is called a single-user operating system to provide the facility to only one user at a time. In this, many users cannot work at one time. The example of single user operating system is DOS, WINDOWS 3X etc

2. Multi-user Operating System

The Operating System which provides facility to multiple users simultaneously is called Multi-user Operating System. It provides the facility for hundreds of users to do their work simultaneously. The example of multi user operating system is UNIX sever, Virtual Memory System (VMS) etc

3. Multitasking Operating System

An operating system that allows a user to run many different programs simultaneously is called a multitasking operating system. On this operating system, you can do many tasks at one time. MS Windows 2000, Linux and IBM's OS/390 are the example of Multitasking operating system.

4. Multi Processing Operating System

To allow a program to run on more than one CPU, the operating system is called Multi Processing Operating System. This allows the same program to run on more than one CPU. Windows NT, 2000, XP are the example of Multi Processing Operating System.

5. Multi Threading Operating System

A multi-threading operating system is an operating system that manages its use by more than one user at a time and also manages multiple requests by a single user without multiple copies of programming running in the computer. Windows Server 12 is the example of multi user operating system.

6. Real Time Operating System

Real Time Operating System (RTOS) is the operating system (OS) that provides instant processing to the input given by the user without buffer delay. The purpose of which is to serve real-time applications that process data. For example Windows Operating System.

Operating System Requirements

The operating system connects the user and computer. This Master Program (Operating System) controls and operates the entire computer and gives the user ability to work on the computer easily.

Functions of operating system

An operating system typically consists of a kernel that manages the computer's hardware, as well as the basic system programs used to boot and configure the operating system. The main function of operating system is

  • Booting
  • Memory Management
  • Loading and Execution
  • Data Security
  • Disk Management
  • Process Management
  • Device Controlling
  • Handling I/O operations
  • Providing Interface
  • major operating systems

The major operating systems which are most commonly used are MS Windows, Apple mac OS, Linux, Android and Apple's iOS.

Operating system windows

The operating system window is also called Microsoft Windows or MS Windows. MS Windows is the most widely used operating system. It is designed by Microsoft Company USA.

Operating system linux

Linux is another commonly used operating system. It is a family of open source operating systems. which first released on September 17, 1991, by Linus Torvalds.

Operating system for mac

The Mac operating system (macOS) is a series of proprietary graphical operating systems which is developed and marketed by Apple Inc. in 2001

Operating system of android

The Android operating system is modified from the Linux kernel and other open source software specifically designed for touch screen mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets.

operating system of android

Operating system for chromebook

Chrome OS is also a Linux kernel-based operating system. This free software is part of the Chromium OS and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its flagship user interface. It is designed by Google.

In the end

In this post, you have learned about Operating System, as well as History and Types of Operating System, Uses etc. Hope you all like this article. You are requested; please share this article so that it can reach as many people as possible. We look forward to your support so that I can write more new articles.

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